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Persian (/ˈpɜːrʒən, -ʃən/), also known by its endonym Farsi[9][10] (فارسی fārsi [fɒːɾˈsiː] (listen)), is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in IranAfghanistan (officially known as Dari since 1958),[11] and Tajikistan(officially known as Tajiki since the Soviet era),[12] Uzbekistan[13][14][15] and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire.[16][17][18] Its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages.[19] A Persian-speaking person may be referred to as Persophone.[20]

There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in IranAfghanistan, and Tajikistan. For centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western AsiaCentral Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based in the regions.[21]

- Wikipedia, 2019